THE BIHAR LAND TRIBUNAL
The Bihar Land Tribunal is constituted to address the land related issues of raiyats
of state. Disputes relating to land pending before different forums in the State
of Bihar are huge in number and the present machinery including Civil Court is over
burdened because of pendency of huge number of disputes relating to land. Right,
title and possession over land is regulated under various land laws operating in
the State of Bihar. The different forums under different land laws have been provided
for adjudication of disputes. The State government is faced with complexities arising
out of the multiplicity of adjudicating machinery and delay in the settlement of
disputes. The State government strives to ensure speedy disposal of disputes under
various land laws. In the absence of a common adjudicatory body, the people of the
State are faced with undue hardship in getting their grievances redressed.
There is mandate to constitute a tribunal under Chapter XIII of Bihar Land Reforms
(Fixation of Ceiling Area and Acquisition of Surplus Land) Act, 1961, with such
modification and with such enlargement of jurisdiction as may be deemed expedient.
The Constitution of India has conferred jurisdiction under Article 323B on appropriate
legislature, to provide for adjudication or trial by Tribunals, by law, of any dispute,
complaints or offences with respect to all or any of the matters specified in clause
(2) with respect to which such legislature has power to make laws. In larger public
interest and in the interest of the people of the State, it is deemed expedient
to create a consolidated forum for adjudication of all disputes appertaining to
land in the State of Bihar. With a view to provide a common and uniform forum for
adjudication of disputes, it is necessary to create a Tribunal at the highest level
in the hierarchy.